PI4 + CW + carrier and multiplier

The PI4 + CW + carrier beacon example program makes the RFzero capable of transmitting on any frequency from 100 kHz to 200 MHz and beyond running on the fundamental frequency.

There is also a special version of the PI4 + CW + carrier program where the output is to be used on much higher frequencies, e.g. using the harmonics or using a multiplier circuit. This way you can use the PI4 + CW + carrier multiplied example program to transmit on e.g. 432 MHz using the third harmonic or on 10 GHz using a x96 multiplier. If using the multiplied example program it is recommended to cover the oscillator with a foam cover or other measures to reduce the airflow (perturbation) around the oscillator. Using a simple foam cover we have 100% decodes PI4 on 10 GHz where the RFzero generated the signals on 108 MHz followed by a x96 multiplier.

A two lines and 16 characters LCD can be connected showing the UTC seconds and GPS data.

The configuration is done via the USB port. It is possible to wait for the RFzero to warm up for up to 255 s before starting to transmit. It is also possible to wait for the GPS to be valid before starting to transmit.

During the PI4 part of the sequence the TX LED will flash at half the symbol rate, i.e. 3 Hz, during the CW part of the sequence the TX LED will flash with the CW and during the carrier part of the sequence the TX LED will be constantly lit.

When GPS signals are received the PPS LED flashes ones per second and when the status of the GPS signal is valid the Valid LED is lit.

The beacon sequence

When the GPS time is valid the beacon transmits PI4 for the first 24 1/3 s, then followed by a short break of 2/3 s, then the call sign and locator is sent in CW followed by a short break of 500 ms and then a carrier until the full minute. Then the sequence repeats again.

If the GPS signal is invalid the beacon suspends the PI4 and just transmits CW and a fixed length 20 s carrier.

Display

The display is a LCD (16×2) that shows the UTC seconds, the GPS status, the number of satellites and the HDOP.

If you want to change what is shown on the display please edit the Display_Update() function and in the // Prepare LCD section in the setup() function in the PI4CWcarrier.ino file or the PI4CWcarrierMulti.ino file.

Configuration

The configuration of the program is done via the USB port, 9600 Baud, 8 bits, no parity and one stop bit, using a terminal program (e.g. Termite Terminal (Windows), CuteCom (Linux) or Terminal (Mac OS)). Please connect the RFzero via a USB B cable to your compute and connect the terminal program to the right COM port in the terminal program. The RFzero identifies itself as an Arduino Zero (Windows Device Manager).

If you don’t see the RFzero> or RFzero config> prompts please press the enter key. When you want to execute a command you don’t have to enter the prompt but only the command and parameters after the >.

All input to the RFzero must be in lowercase.

To enter the configuration mode please enter   config   at the RFzero> prompt, i.e.

RFzero> config

To see the available commands please enter   ?   at the RFzero config> prompt, i.e.

RFzero config> ?

To leave the configuration mode please enter   exit   at the RFzero config> prompt, i.e.

RFzero config> exit

When in configuration mode, i.e. when you see the RFzero config> prompt, the most frequent commands are

rd cfg

to see the configuration that will be used after exiting the configuration mode.

wr defaults

to set most of parameters to their default values. Please see the actual example program for the specific default values.

wr bcn CALL

where CALL is the beacon call sign, max 15 characters.

wr loc LOCATOR

where LOCATOR is the locator up to eight characters, i.e. AA00AA00.

wr mgm MESSAGE

where MESSAGE is the PI4 message, max eight characters where space, ” “, is replaced with an underscore, “_”.

wr freq FREQ

where FREQUENCY is the nominal beacon frequency in Hz from 100 kHz and up.

 wr multi MULTIPLIER

(multiplied beacon only)

where MULTIPLER is the harmonic/multiplication factor. Valid values are from 1 to 255, e.g.if using the fifth harmonic on 902 MHz

wr multi 5

wr warmup SECONDS

where SECONDS is the number of seconds to wait for the RFzero to warm up.

wr wait  ONOFF

to turn on or off waiting for the GPS to be valid before transmitting where ONOFF is either 0: for off/don’t wait for the GPS to be valid, or 1: for on/wait for the GPS to be valid.

More commands are available so please enter a question mark (?) at the RFzero config> prompt to see them.